Masters are in overall command of the hunting activities. They decide when and where hounds will meet, what coverts are to be drawn, and when hounds will go home. They are responsible for hounds showing the best possible sport under existing conditions; and are responsible for the hounds and the hunt staff.
The Field Master
The Field Master may be the Master or a Joint Master, or a person appointed by the Master. His duties are broadly, as his name implies, to direct the Field.
His first duty is to prevent the Field from upsetting other members of the public whom they may come into contact. These will be mainly farmers or landowners over whose property they may ride and about whose special wishes he will have been advised. The Field Master will make sure the riders only go where they are permitted neither causing damage nor annoying the landowners who make the sport possible.
Secondly, he is there to prevent the Field from upsetting the Huntsman or his hounds so that they may pursue their job unimpeded. This entails keeping the field at a reasonable distance so that hounds are neither over-ridden, kicked or have their sense of smell impaired.
Thirdly he tries to keep the field in contact with what is going on, and see that they are in the right place at the right time.
In the Burton Hunt, there are currently three joint masters.
Controls the hounds, indicating to them by his horn or voice what he wishes them to do. He attempts to be sure that hounds work together as a pack by encouraging the tail hounds and steadying the lead hounds. In the case of a check he must be prepared to assist hounds to recover the line by use of a cast if necessary. His technical decisions must be quickly made, staff and Field must abide by them.
Whipper-In assists the Huntsman in controlling hounds by turning them back to the Huntsman or by encouraging them forward to him as necessary. Whippers-in are also used by the Huntsman to retrieve the hounds should they engage a hare or deer. No one except the Huntsman gives orders to Whippers-In. No one, except by request of the Huntsman or master, should accompany them or attempt to assist them
Deals with the hunt’s administration, collects the cap (the payment for the day) at the meet and is happy to help you in any way.
Consists of the mounted followers and is controlled by the Field Master who rides at the head of it. The Field should follow the Field Master and follow his instructions.
‘A Hunting Manual’ by Anne Fieldsend
The Field are, as paid up members of the Hunt, there to enjoy a days sport but it is incumbent on them as members to promote or cement good relations with the non-hunting public.
This is achieved in general by being courteous and considerate and in particular by paying attention to the rules and etiquette that have evolved over the years. The rules can be divided into two categories, what to do – and what not to do:
- DO arrive at the Meet in good time having parked your transport where it does not obstruct or cause damage.
- At the Meet DO keep your horses away from the hounds. Say Good-morning to the Masters. When hounds move off wait for the Field Master. Have your cap money ready.
- When hounds are running DO follow the Field Master. If you have to take your own line keep 100 yards between you and the hounds.
- If you ride over crops and damage them, remember where it happened and DO report it as soon as possible.
- DO stay in single file alongside growing crops.
- When hacking from a covert, DO stay behind the Field Master so that hounds are not over-ridden and can be counted.
- At the end of the day, DO thanks the Masters and say Good-night
- DO occasionally write letters of appreciation and thanks to hosts and to farmers over whose land you ride
- DO acknowledge and thank members of the public who give way to you or are in any way helpful.
- Occasionally, a hound slips behind the others or gets lost, then comes up behind the hunt. If you see a hound coming up behind you, DO turn your horse’s head towards it so it does not kick out. Warn others in front by shouting ‘ hound on the left, (or right – depending where it is coming from) so they know what to do.
- DO NOT ride over growing crops.
- DO NOT crowd in gateways and jumping places.
- When riding single file alongside growing crops, DO NOT bunch or overtake.
- DO NOT ride up alongside the Masters or the Hunt Staff unless invited to do so.
- DO NOT ride over mown verges.
- DO NOT block roads.
- DO NOT react to abuse from members of the public who are opposed to hunting.
‘A Hunting Manual’ by Anne Fieldsend
Hunting attire is at the discretion of the Master
Autumn Hunting (attire referred to as ‘rat-catcher’)
- Tweed coat
- Shirt and tie or stock shirt and coloured stock with pin
- Brown or beige breeches
- Brown or black boots or short boots with chaps
- Bowler (men)/ Velvet covered riding hat/hunt cap or dark hat cover with hairnet (for ladies)
From the Opening Meet
- Black or Tweed coat
- Stock shirt and white Hunting Tie (stock)
- Plain gold or gold coloured stock pin
- White or cream breeches
- Black boots
- Velvet covered riding hat/hunt cap or hat cover to match colour of coat
- White Gloves
Both you and your horse should be turned out as well as possible.
Meets are usually held on someone’s property (called a Lawn Meet when hospitality by way of food and drink is offered) and, out of politeness, from opening meet your horse should be plaited (unless, of course, it is hogged!) as a courtesy to your host.
A red ribbon around a horse’s tail indicates that the horse kicks. A green ribbon means a young horse and/or inexperience to hunting – please make sure if there is any chance your horse might kick, it wears the appropriate ribbon. Even a horse that does not normally kick may feel threatened if barged from behind.
Please take care to avoid getting too close to a horse with a ribbon – if it kicks you, the rider will not be at fault.
Car following has evolved as a sport in itself in recent years. Most car followers belong to the Hunt Supporters Club but the Hunt does attract members of the public, notably at Boxing Day Meets.
Cars are capped on hunting days by voluntary members of the Supporters Club.
The rules for car followers are similar to those of the mounted followers and bearing in mind to observe the rules of the highway, have evolved for the same reason.
Again they fall into two categories of etiquette, what to do and what not to do:
- DO NOT block the road
- DO NOT park on dangerous bends
- DO NOT open doors in the path of mounted followers
- DO NOT park alongside a covert
- DO NOT drive in woodland rides and not at any time in Forestry Commission woods
- DO at all times consider other road users
- DO switch off your engines when hounds are in the vicintiy
- DO open and close gates for Hunt Staff
- DO give way to Hunt Staff and mounted followers
- DO avoid driving on mown verges
- DO avoid driving to close to mounted followers
- DO avoid blocking gateways and private drives